2017 WAEC GCE Geography Answers
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i)Availability of raw materials:In determining the location of an industry, nearness to sources of raw material is of vital importance. Nearness to the sources of raw materials would reduce the cost of production of the industry.
ii)Availability of Labour:Adequate supply of cheap and skilled labour is necessary for and industry. The attraction of an industry towards labour centres depends on the ratio of labour cost to the total cost of production which Weber calls ‘Labour cost of Index’.
iii)Proximity to Markets:Access to markets is an important factor which the entrepreneur must take into consideration. Industries producing perishable or bulky commodities which cannot be transported over long distance are generally located in close proximity to markets.
iv)Transport Facilities:Transport facilities, generally, influence the location of industry. The transportation with its three modes, i.e., water, road, and rail collectively plays an important role.
v)Power:Another factor influencing the location of an industry is the availability of cheap power. Water, wind, coal, gas, oil and electricity are the chief sources of power.
The Economic Benefits is the improving of time performance and reduces loss and damage, thus reducing economic drag. In other words this is reducing the cost and time for existing passenger and freight movements increase transport’s contribution to economic growth
i)Shortage of capitalto maintain and establish new railways.
ii)Old fashioned technologywhich make the railways carry less cargo compared to modern standard gauge
iii)Poor government policieswhich favour development of roads instead of railways.
i)availability of capital to maintain and establish new railways.
ii)New fashioned technology which make the railways carry less car go transport
iii)availability of government policies to development railways..
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i)Air transport has indirectly helped the business to grow at and around the various airport terminals.
ii)Another contribution of air transport which is closely related to job creation is that it aids mobility of labour.
iii)Air transport promotes trade and commerce:- The improvement in air transport and communication worldwide has reduced the world to nothing more than a global village and it is bringing about a continuous increase in specialization.
i)Uncertain and Unreliable:Air transport is uncertain and unreliable as it is controlled to a great extent by weather conditions. Unfavourable weather such as fog, snow or heavy rain etc. may cause cancellation of scheduled flights and suspension of air service
ii)Breakdowns and Accidents:The chances of breakdowns and accidents are high as compared to other modes of transport. Hence, it involves comparatively greater risk
iii)Large Investment: It requires a large amount of capital investment in the construction and maintenance of aeroplanes. Further, very trained and skilled persons are required for operating air service
iv)Unsuitable for Cheap and Bulky Goods:Air transport is unsuitable for carrying cheap, bulky and heavy goods because of its limited capacity and high cost
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