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Gold mining in Nigeria
|Gold mining in Nigeria by lasbrey20: 6:07 am On August 1, 2018|
Currently there are two gold mining companies in Nigeria. Segilola Nigeria Limited has a license to mine gold in Osun State, and Geotechniques Nigeria Limited has a license to mine gold in Kebbi State. Five other companies are mining for tin, iron ore, coal, lead, and zinc.
Deposits of gold have been found in the northern part of Nigeria. The areas where these deposits are found include Maru, Tsohon, Bin Yauri, and Iperindo.
Mining for gold in these areas began in 1913. By the 1930’s, however, mining began to abate. By the time World War II began, gold production was nil. Imperial companies left the mines, so gold extraction ceased. There was a resurgence of interest to mine again in the 1960’s, but the Nigerian Civil War thwarted those efforts.
Then during the 1980’s, the search for gold resumed by the Nigerian Mining Corporation (NMC). The NMC was not successful in part because of poor funding of the venture.
Mining in general was abounding with problems because of government impassivity. This indifference was due to government focus on the discovery of oil in 1956. Oil remains the most valuable commodity in Nigeria today. However, in 2015, the government issued gold mining licenses to the two companies mentioned above.
Modern Gold Mining Hazards
The mines in this area contained lead which is not typical in most gold mining areas. Exposure to lead can cause learning and behavior problems or even death.
Future Gold Mining in Nigeria
Yet, there is gold in Nigeria. The proof is that 1.4 metric tons of gold were mined in the early 1930’s. However, in order for gold mining companies to feel secure enough to prospect in Nigeria, information on the amount of gold being mined must be made available. Safe mining systems must also be in place for the small-scale miner.
The Nigerian government has a lot of work to do to attract gold mining companies. It has produced some literature on gold mining, but that is not enough. What is needed is a wide-spread campaign to inform those who are interested in serious gold mining and a better method of licensing and record keeping.
The mining of minerals in Nigeria accounts for only 0.3% of its GDP, due to the influence of its vast oil resources. The domestic mining industry is underdeveloped, leading to Nigeria having to import minerals that it could produce domestically, such as salt or iron ore. Rights to ownership of mineral resources is held by the Federal government of Nigeria, which grants titles to organizations to explore, mine, and sell mineral resources. Organized mining began in 1903 when the Mineral Survey of the Northern Protectorates was created by the British colonial government. A year later, the Mineral Survey of the Southern Protectorates was founded. By the 1940s, Nigeria was a major producer of tin, columbite, and coal. The discovery of oil in 1956 hurt the mineral extraction industries, as government and industry both began to focus on this new resource. The Nigerian Civil War in the late 1960s led many expatriate mining experts to leave the country. Mining regulation is handled by the Ministry of Solid Minerals Development, which oversees the management of all mineral resources. Mining law is codified in the Federal Minerals and Mining Act of 1999. Historically, Nigeria’s mining industry was monopolized by state-owned public corporations. This led to a decline in productivity in almost all mineral industries. The Obasanjo administration began a process of selling off government-owned corporations to private investors in 1999
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