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HYPERTENSION

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HYPERTENSION by : 11:34 am On August 2, 2018

HYPERTENSION
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is a condition in which there is an increased force of blood flow within the blood vessels (arteries and veins). Blood pressure is recorded as two (2) measurements, which corresponds to the highest pressure (top reading/ diastolic). The normal blood pressure is therefore said to be from a blood pressure reading of 140/90mmHg and above.

It should be noted that hypertension can exist in an individual for years without symptoms, however, that does not mean that the raised pressure is not causing damage to the heart, blood vessels and other organs within the body.

It may however give a range if symptoms which usually include: dizziness, headaches, altered vision, fainting attacks etc.

It has been documented that hypertension is a major risk factor for Stroke, Chronic Kidney Disease, Heart failure, Aneurysms etc.

CAUSES
In most cases a cause can not be identified (Primary/Essential Hypertension), this type is associated with increasing age in different persons.

The second type is Secondary Hypertension which is hypertension caused by an underlying condition in the body. This type tends to occur suddenly. This may be due to kidney problems, thyroid problems, alcohol abuse etc.

RISK FACTORS
Risk factors for developing hypertension include:

Age: risk increases with increasing age
Positive Family History
Obesity
Sedentary lifestyle
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Alcohol abuse
Too much salt intake
Stress etc

DIAGNOSIS
Blood pressure measurement, general cutoff for hypertension is averagely 140/90mmHg.

TREATMENT
Lifestyle modifications:

Eat healthy: fruits, vegetables, low-fat diary food, whole grain, low salt intake, fish etc

Physical exercise

W*********s

Reduce stress

Medications: There are different classes of d***s that can be used but you should see your doctor for proper consultation.

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