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JAMB 2019/2020 Geography Syllabus | Download or View the PDF here

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JAMB 2019/2020 Geography Syllabus | Download or View the PDF here by : 6:43 pm On December 13, 2018

JAMB 2019/2020 Geography Syllabus | Download or View the PDF here

This is to inform all JAMB candidates offering Geography that the new Syllabus for2019/2020 Jamb exam is out. Candidates can download or view the pdf  format here.

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 The Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus for Geography is designed to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination.

 The following are what this syllabus strives to achieve:

  1. handle and interpret topographical maps, statistical data and diagrams and basic field survey;
  2. demonstrate knowledge of man’s physical and human environment and how man lives and earns a living on earth surface with special reference to Nigeria and Africa;
  3. show understanding of the interrelationship between man and his environment;
  4. apply geographical concepts, skills and principles to solving problems.

TOPIC/CONTENTS/NOTES JAMB 2019/2020 Geography Syllabus

I. PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY [JAMB 2019/2020 GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS]

  1. Scale and measurement distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions,
    bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.
  2. Map reading and interpretation; drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps.
  3. Interpretation of statistical data; maps and diagrams
  4. Elementary Surveying chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.

II. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY [JAMB 2019/2020 GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS]

  1. The earth as a planet
    • The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;
    • The shape and size of the earth
    • Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time;
    • The structure of the earth (internal and external).
  2. Rocks
    • Types and characteristics
    • Modes of formation
    • Uses of rocks
  3. Landforms
    • processes; earth movements (faulting, folding, earthquakes, volcanicity),
      erosion, transportation and deposition.
    • Modifying agents; water (surface and Underground) wind and sea waves;
    • Types of landforms associated with the Processes and agents specified above
      (Karst topography, plains fold mountains, faulted landforms, volcanic mountains, deltas, river terraces, barchans seifs and zeugens).
  4. Water Bodies
    • Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses);
    • Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;
    • Lakes – types, distribution and uses.
  5. Weather and Climate
    • Concept of weather and climate
    • Elements of weather and climate
    • Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air, mass, altitude, continentality and winds);
    • Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).
    • Major climate types (Koppen), their Characteristics and distribution.
    • Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.
  6. Vegetation
    • Factors controlling growth of plants
    • The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession
    • Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution,
    • Impact of human activities on vegetation.
  7. Soils
    • Definition and properties
    • Factors and processes of formation
    • Soil profiles
    • Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;
    • Impact of human activities on soils.
  8. Environmental Resources;
    • Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals);
    • The concept of renewable and non-renewable resources;
  9. Environmental interaction:
    • Land ecosystem
    • Environmental balance and human interaction
  10. Environmental: hazards
    • Natural hazards (droughts, earth-quakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)
    • Man-induced (soil erosion, Deforestation, pollution, flooding Desertification)
    • Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

III. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY [JAMB 2019/2020 GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS]

  1. Population
    • World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern African.
    • Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/s*x structure.
    • Factors and patterns of population distribution;
    • Factors and problems of population growth;
  2. Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, Middle East and West Africa;
    • Types and patterns: Rural and Urban, Dispersed, nucleated and linear;
    • Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;
    • Urban settlement – classification, factors for growth and functions.
    • Problems of urban centres
    • Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.
  3. Selected economic activities
    • Types of economic activities: primary, secondary and tertiary;
    • Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socioeconomic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.
    • Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and
      communication in tropical Africa.
    • World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin,
      routes and destinations).

IV. REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY [JAMB 2019/2020 GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS]
A. Nigeria

  1. Broad outline
    • Location, position, size, political division – (states) and peoples;
    • Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;
    • Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects);
    • Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and Conservation;
    • Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.
    • Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing
      and problems associated with manufacturing;
    • Transportation and trade: modes of transportation and their relative
      advantages and disadvantages, regional and international trade.
  2. Geographical Regions of Nigeria
    • Eastern Highlands;
    • Eastern Scarpland;
    • Northern Central Highland
    • Western Highlands;
    • Sokoto Plains;
    • Niger-Benue trough;
    • Cross River Basin;
    • Southern Coastland each region analysed under the following sub-headings: physical setting (relief,drainage etc) people, population and settlements, modes of exploitation of natural resources, transportation and
      problems of development.

B. The Rest of Africa:

  1. Africa on broad outline;
    • Location, size, position, political settings (relief, drainage, climate
      type, Vegetation type etc).
    • Distribution of major minerals
  2. Selected Topics
    • Lumbering in equatorial Africa with particular reference to Cote d’voire
      (Ivory Coast) and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    • Irrigation Agriculture in the Nile and Niger Basin;
    • Plantation Agriculture in West and East Africa
    • Fruit Farming in the Mediterranean Regions of Africa.
    • Mineral Exploitation
      – Gold mining in South Africa
      – Copper mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
      – Crude oil production in Algeria and Libya
    • Population Distribution in West Africa
    • International Economic Cooperation in West Africa, e.g. ECOWAS

Jamb Geography Syllabus Recommended  Textbook

Adeleke, B.O. and Leong, G.C. (1999). Certificate Physical and Human Geography (West African Edition), Ibadan: Oxford.
Bradshaw, M. name(s)? (2004). Contemporary World Regional Geography, New York: McGraw Hill
Bunet, R.B and Okunrotifa, P.O. (1999). General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa, China: Longman. Collins New Secondary Atlas, Macmillan
Fellman, D. name(s)? (2005). Introduction to Geography (Seventh Edition) New York: McGraw Hill
Getis, A. name(s)? (2004). Introduction to Geography (Ninth Edition) New York: McGraw Hill
Iloeje, N. P (1999). A New Geography of West Africa, Hong Kong: Longman
Iloeje, N.P (1982). A New Geography of Nigeria (New Education), Hong Kong: London
Nimaku, D.A. (2000). Map Reading of West Africa, Essex: Longman.
Okunrotifa, P.O. and Michael S. (2000). A Regional Geography of Africa (New Edition), Essex: London.
Udo, R.K (1970). Geographical Regions of Nigeria, London: Longman.
Waugh, D. (1995). Geography an Integrated Approach (Second Edition), China: Nelson
Wisdomline Pass at Once JAMB.

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