This is to
inform all JAMB candidates offering Government that the new Syllabus for
2019/2020 Jamb exam is out. Candidates can download or view the pdf format
The Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus for Government is designed to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination.
The following are what this syllabus strives to achieve:
the meaning of government;
the framework and specify the institutions of government;
the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a
the process of political development;
the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
- assess the
role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the
workings of international organizations.
PART 1: ELEMENTS OF
GOVERNMENT [JAMB 2019/2020
1. Basic concepts in government
[JAMB 2019/2020GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS]
Right, Legitimacy, Authority, Sovereignty:
State, Nation, Nation-State;
Processes Political Socialization, Political Participation, Political
2. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy,
Republic, Democracy definitions, features, merits and demerits.
3. Arms of Government:
Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;
Executive – types and functions, powers;
Judiciary – functions, powers, components.
4. Structures of Governance: Unitary, Federal, Confederal-features, reasons
for adoption, merits and demerits.
5. Systems of Governance: Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.
6. Political Ideologies: Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism,
7. Constitution Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.
8. Principles of Democratic Government: Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power/Checks and
Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law.
9. Processes of Legislation: Legislative Enactment – acts, edicts, delegated legislation, decrees.
and obligations of citizens.
11. The Electoral Process: Franchise, Election, Electoral System, Electoral Commission.
12. Party Systems:
function and types
parties – Definition, Organization, functions.
13. Pressure Groups: Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
14. Public Opinion: Meaning, functions and measurement.
15. The Civil Service: Definition, characteristics, functions, structure,
control and problems.
PART II POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA [JAMB 2019/2020GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS]
1. Pre – colonial Polities: Sarauta, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba –
structure/system of governance
2. Imperialist Penetration:
British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company
rule, crown colony, protectorate;
British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;
- Impact of
British colonial rule economic, political, socio-cultural;
of British and French colonial administration.
3. Process of Decolonization
Movements – meaning, emergence, goals, strategies, nationalist leaders –
Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello and
others; emergence of nationalist parties.
of External factors;
development – the Clifford (1922), Richards (1946), Macpherson (1951),
Lyttelton (1954) and Independence (1960) Constitutions.
4. Post – Independence Constitutions 1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999 –
characteristics and shortcomings
5. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence period; The
Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary – structure, functions and
6. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions:
The Civil Service Commission, the Public
Complaints Commission, Electoral Commissions and others – objectives and
7. Political Parties in the Post Independence Period: Political parties,
party politics – First, Second, Third and Fourth Republics.
8. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:
for a Federal System
- Tiers of
government and their relationship
of States – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996;
of Nigerian Federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts etc.
solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.
9. Public Corporations and Parastatals
types, purpose and functions
control and problems;
privatization – objectives, features, merits and demerits;
between public corporations and parastatals.
10. Local Government:
government administration prior to 1976;
of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance
and inter-governmental relations;
rulers and local governments.
11. The Military in Nigerian Politics
that led to military intervention;
of military regimes;
- impact of
military rule – political, e.g creation etc. economic, e.g SAP, etc.
of military disengagement.
PART III: NIGERIA AND THE
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY [JAMB
2019/2020 GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS]
1. Foreign Policy:
purpose, determining factors;
i. Relations with major powers;
ii. Relations with developing countries.
2. Relations with African Countries:
- Africa as
“centre piece” – guiding principles, implementation and implications;
- NEPAD –
origin, objectives and implications.
3. Nigeria in International Organizations
Organization of African Unity;
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS);
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
PART IV: INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS: [JAMB 2019/2020
1. International Organizations:
- OAU, AU;
– Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and
prospects of these organizations.
Jamb Government Syllabus Recommended Textbook
Tags: jamb ,Jamb 2019 Syllabus ,jamb 2019/2020
- Adigwe, F (1985). Essentials of Government
for West Africa, Ibadan: University Press Plc.
- Anifowose, R and Enemuo, F. C (eds)(1999).
Elements of Politics, Lagos; Malthouse Press Limited.
- Appadorai, A. (1978). The Substance of
Politics, London: Oxford University Press.
- Ball, A. R. (1983). Modern Politics and
Government, London: macmillan.
- Ikein, A. A. (1990). The Impact of Oil on
a Developing Country, The Case of Nigeria, Ibadan; Evans.
- Ofoegbu, R. (1977). Government for the
Certificate Year, London: George Allen and Unwin.
- Ojiako, J. O. (1981). Nigeria Yesterday,
Today and _______ ? Onitsha: Africana Educational Publishers (Nig.) Ltd.
- Olawale, J. B (1987). New Topics on
Ordinary Level Government, Ilesha: Jola Publishing.
- Omolewa, M. (1991). A Certificate History
of Nigeria, Ibadan: Longman.
- Oyediran, O. Nwosu, H., Takaya, B.,
Anifowoshe, R., Femi, B., Godwill, O. and Adigun, A. (1990). Government
for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: Longman.
- Oyeneye, I., Onyenwenu, M. and Olusunde,
B. E. (2000). Round-Up Government for Senior Secondary School Certifcate
Examination: A complete Guide, Ibadan: Longman.
- Oyovbaire, S., Oguna, A. E. C., Amucheazi,
E. C., Coker, H. o. and Oshuntuyi, O. (2001).
- Countdown to Senior Secondary Certifcate
Examination: Government, Ibadan: Evans.