This is to
inform all JAMB candidates offering Government that the new Syllabus for
2019/2020 Jamb exam is out. Candidates can download or view the pdf format
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The Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus for Government is designed to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination.
The following are what this syllabus strives to achieve: appreciate
the meaning of government; analyse
the framework and specify the institutions of government; explain
the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a
the process of political development; evaluate
the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria; assess the
role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the
workings of international organizations. PART 1: ELEMENTS OF
GOVERNMENT [JAMB 2019/2020
1. Basic concepts in government
[JAMB 2019/2020GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS] Power,
Right, Legitimacy, Authority, Sovereignty: Society,
State, Nation, Nation-State; Political
Processes Political Socialization, Political Participation, Political
2. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy,
Republic, Democracy definitions, features, merits and demerits.
3. Arms of Government: The
Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers; The
Executive – types and functions, powers; The
Judiciary – functions, powers, components.
4. Structures of Governance: Unitary, Federal, Confederal-features, reasons
for adoption, merits and demerits.
5. Systems of Governance: Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.
6. Political Ideologies: Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism,
7. Constitution Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.
8. Principles of Democratic Government: Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power/Checks and
Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law.
9. Processes of Legislation: Legislative Enactment – acts, edicts, delegated legislation, decrees.
and obligations of citizens.
11. The Electoral Process: Franchise, Election, Electoral System, Electoral Commission.
12. Party Systems:
function and types Political
parties – Definition, Organization, functions.
13. Pressure Groups: Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
14. Public Opinion: Meaning, functions and measurement.
15. The Civil Service: Definition, characteristics, functions, structure,
control and problems.
PART II POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA [JAMB 2019/2020GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS]
1. Pre – colonial Polities: Sarauta, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba –
structure/system of governance
2. Imperialist Penetration:
British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company
rule, crown colony, protectorate; The
British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule; Impact of
British colonial rule economic, political, socio-cultural; Comparison
of British and French colonial administration.
3. Process of Decolonization
Movements – meaning, emergence, goals, strategies, nationalist leaders –
Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello and
others; emergence of nationalist parties. Influence
of External factors; Constitutional
development – the Clifford (1922), Richards (1946), Macpherson (1951),
Lyttelton (1954) and Independence (1960) Constitutions.
4. Post – Independence Constitutions 1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999 –
characteristics and shortcomings
5. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence period; The
Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary – structure, functions and
6. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions:
The Civil Service Commission, the Public
Complaints Commission, Electoral Commissions and others – objectives and
7. Political Parties in the Post Independence Period: Political parties,
party politics – First, Second, Third and Fourth Republics.
8. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:
for a Federal System Tiers of
government and their relationship Creation
of States – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996; Problems
of Nigerian Federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts etc.
solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.
9. Public Corporations and Parastatals
types, purpose and functions Finance,
control and problems; Deregulation,
privatization – objectives, features, merits and demerits; Comparison
between public corporations and parastatals.
10. Local Government:
government administration prior to 1976; Features
of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance
and inter-governmental relations; Traditional
rulers and local governments.
11. The Military in Nigerian Politics
that led to military intervention; structure
of military regimes; impact of
military rule – political, e.g creation etc. economic, e.g SAP, etc. processes
of military disengagement. PART III: NIGERIA AND THE
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY [JAMB
2019/2020 GOVERNMENT SYLLABUS]
1. Foreign Policy:
purpose, determining factors; Nigerian
i. Relations with major powers;
ii. Relations with developing countries.
2. Relations with African Countries:
“centre piece” – guiding principles, implementation and implications; NEPAD –
origin, objectives and implications.
3. Nigeria in International Organizations
United Nations; The
Organization of African Unity; The
African Union; The
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); The
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). PART IV: INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS: [JAMB 2019/2020
1. International Organizations:
ECOWAS; OAU, AU; Commonwealth; UNO; OPEC;
– Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and
prospects of these organizations. Jamb Government Syllabus Recommended Textbook
Adigwe, F (1985). Essentials of Government
for West Africa, Ibadan: University Press Plc. Anifowose, R and Enemuo, F. C (eds)(1999).
Elements of Politics, Lagos; Malthouse Press Limited. Appadorai, A. (1978). The Substance of
Politics, London: Oxford University Press. Ball, A. R. (1983). Modern Politics and
Government, London: macmillan. Ikein, A. A. (1990). The Impact of Oil on
a Developing Country, The Case of Nigeria, Ibadan; Evans. Ofoegbu, R. (1977). Government for the
Certificate Year, London: George Allen and Unwin. Ojiako, J. O. (1981). Nigeria Yesterday,
Today and _______ ? Onitsha: Africana Educational Publishers (Nig.) Ltd. Olawale, J. B (1987). New Topics on
Ordinary Level Government, Ilesha: Jola Publishing. Omolewa, M. (1991). A Certificate History
of Nigeria, Ibadan: Longman. Oyediran, O. Nwosu, H., Takaya, B.,
Anifowoshe, R., Femi, B., Godwill, O. and Adigun, A. (1990). Government
for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: Longman. Oyeneye, I., Onyenwenu, M. and Olusunde,
B. E. (2000). Round-Up Government for Senior Secondary School Certifcate
Examination: A complete Guide, Ibadan: Longman. Oyovbaire, S., Oguna, A. E. C., Amucheazi,
E. C., Coker, H. o. and Oshuntuyi, O. (2001). Countdown to Senior Secondary Certifcate
Examination: Government, Ibadan: Evans.
Tags: jamb , Jamb 2019 Syllabus , jamb 2019/2020