Neco GCE 2017 Civic Education Theory and Obj Answers
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Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
1)promote the constitutionally prescribed values and principles governing public administration in the public service;
2)investigate, monitor and evaluate the organisation and administration, and the personnel practices, of the public service;
3)propose measures to ensure effective and efficient performance within the public service;
4)give directions aimed at ensuring that personnel procedures relating to recruitment, transfers promotions and dismissals comply with the constitutionally prescribed values and principles;report in respect of its activities and the performance of its functions, including any finding it may make and directions and advice it may give, and to provide an evaluation of the extent to which the constitutionally prescribed values and principles are complied with; and
5)either of its own accord or on receipt of any complaint –
a) investigate and evaluate the application of personnel and public administration practices, and report to the relevant executive authority and legislature;
b) investigate grievances of employees in the public service concerning official acts or omissions, and recommend appropriate remedies;
c) monitor and investigate adherence to applicable procedures in the public service; and
d) advise national and provincial organs of state regarding personnel practices in the public service, including those relating to the recruitment, appointment, transfer, discharge and other aspects of the careers of employees in the public service.
Traffic regulation can be defined as the rules and regulations which guide the behavior or action of road users.
i)Making the highway safe for motorists and other road users.
ii)Recommending works and devices designed to eliminate or minimize accidents on the highways
iii)Educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of discipline on the highway.
iv)Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highway
v)Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways
vi)Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways
i)inspection and issuance of road worthiness certificate (RWC) to all type of vehicle
ii)maintaining sanity on our various roads and highways by ensuring that all vehicles plying such roads are road worthy at all time. i.e by daily road checks
iii)training and testing of drivers for drivers license.
iv)testing and training riders for riders card.
v)organising seminars and public lectures.
vi)carrying out inspection on accident vehicles.
7a) Indirect Democracy:
This is also known as Representative Democracy. These Is when the democracy becomes government of the people,by the people and for the people by late Abraham Lincoln American President
1)Freedom of the press – the print and electronic media should be free to express their opinion without threat.
2)Free association and group – people should be free to join any association
3)Rule of law
4)Separation of power
5)Political party law
Civil society group can be defined as an organized non-govermental groups and constitution that manifest the interest of citizens and are independent of the government
i)ADVOCATE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE:
This group enable’s those in government to run the affairs of the in a positive and progressive manner
ii)SOCIETY WATCH DOG:
civil society raise public corcern about any abuse of power
iii)PROMOTING OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION:
Some civil society groups educates members of their fundamental and political participation
iv)LEADERSHIP TRAINING GROUND:
This group provides enabling training group for future leaders
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Theory!!Pls let note there are four questions in section A and four from Section B.
-Unprotected sexual intercourse
-Unsecured blood transfusion
-Sharing of sharp objects
Mother to child transmission
-Unprotected sexual intercourse:People can get infected with HIV through sexual intercourse with infected partners especially when the sexual intercourse is casual and unprotected
-Unsecured blood transfusion:HIV can be spread by blood transfusion especially when the transfused blood is not properly screened
-Sharing of sharp objects:When you use the same syringe to inject more than one person, those injected stands a risk of being infected with HIV. People ho share sharp unsterilized and contaminated sharp objects like scissors, knives, manicure equipments,syringes, clippers, blades, ect stands a chance of being infected
-Mother to child transmission:A pregnant woman who has HIV can easily trnsfer the virus into her child at birth or during breast feeding
-Fever lasting for more than a month
-About 20% weight loss or loss of appetite
-Dry cough lasting for more than a month
-Itching stain infections
-Swelling around the neck, armpit and private part
-Oral thrush whitish sports in the mouth
2a) Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others
-LACK OF OPPORTUNITIES/UNEMPLOYMENT: There is no gain saying the fact that most people who give their consent to be trafficked did so believing there are better opportunities at destination which goes to say that the origin countries had limited or no opportunities for its citizenry
-IGNORANCE/ILLITERACY: It is said that knowledge is power. Those who are not aware of the ills and effects of human trafficking are more susceptible to fall prey to the traffickers than the others. Information on trafficking empowers people to be on guide and take measures to avoid being a victim
-SITUATION OF ARMED CONFLICT: Armed conflict is a two edged sword. On the part of origin or source victims would be willing to escape from the conflict area thereby becoming vulnerable. On the other hand, destination countries in conflict or war would demand for victims to help them
-GLOBALISATION:The world they say is a global village and as such recruitment has been made easy. The vulnerable only knows that his chance of survival economically is higher in developed societies
-GREED: The get rich quick syndrome has eaten deep into the minds of the young people in developing countries. Unfortunately, the society pays little emphasis on the source of wealth of their people making the youths eager to find ways to acquire wealth and be celebrated
-DESIRE TO EARN A LIVING: In Nigeria and most other African countries for instance, where person will graduate from the university and remain unemployed 3 to 4 years without any form of employment would not want to miss any opportunity that he feels will eliminate his desire to earn a meaningful living
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or part of a nation
-Citizenship by Birth ( jus sanguinis). If one or both of a person’s parents are citizens of a given state, then the person may have the right to be a citizen of that state as well
-Citizenship by Registration:A person can be a citizen of a country through registration. This mostly occurs to women who marry foreign nationals. For instance, a Gambian woman married to a Nigerian may register as a citizen of Nigeria but she must satisfy certain conditions such as residing in Nigeria and should take the oath of allegiance to Nigeria and renounce her Gambian citizenship
-Citizenship by Naturalization:This is another way through which an individual can acquire citizenship in a country. Through this method, the individual must satisfy certain basic conditions such as in the case of Nigeria, the individual must have lived in Nigeria for not less than 15 years, he must have a job, he must be an honourable person, that is, not a criminal and must be recommended by a very important person in the country
-Citizenship by Descent:This is a method of acquiring citizenship of another country as a result of the fact that his grandparents are citizens of the country
Pubic Service is a body or a department in the executive arm of the Government responsible for the execution of the policies and programmes of the Government
-Tribalism: This has been the yardstick for choosing who to employ and sack in the Nigerian public service
-Political Instability : Constant and regular change of top rank office holders in public service brings about constant instability of rules and regulations. This constantly leads to the shortcomings in the public service
-Political Interference: Many Governments in power do not allow the free flow of duties due to their undue interference which at most times is only favorable to politicians
-Poor Orientation and Low Salaries: Public servants get poor or no orientations about their jobs. This is coupled with their low salary earnings as peanut which is another reason for shortcomings
-Lack of Qualified Personnel: Most people in various public service offices either neglect their right jobs or have little or no experience about it but carry out such services due to their search for greener pasture
-Inadequate Training Facilities: The Nigerian public service lacks adequate training facilities for staff improvement of skill
Civil society refers to any entity formed by a group of people with similar interests who come together to work on a common goal
-Civil society makes state at all level to be accountable, responsive and to be more effective. They help to limit and control the power of the state
-It promotes political participation through the process of educating people about the about their rights and obligations as democratic citizen and also encourage them to participate in election
-Building community; engagement and participation in voluntary associations also has the potential to strengthen bonds among citizens
-Socialization; civil society contributes to the formation and practice of democratic attitudes among citizens. Thus people learn to develop tolerance, mutual trust and the ability to relate with people
-It can also help to play an important role in meditating and helping to resolve conflict
It refers to the procedure of involving majority of the citizens of a country in the decision making processes, especially on issues that affect the welfare of the generality of the populace
-Bad Governance: The government of Nigeria for instance rules in a bad and carefree manner, their act does not motivate people thereby making people to ignore and nonchalant to political activities
-Rigging of election: so many citizens belief that no matter the level of security election are going to be rigged either directly or indirectly thereby they see voting as a waste of time and energy
-Past History of Political Occurrence: Due to the fact that some family members, friends and relatives have been victimized in the process of participating in political issues, because of this experience people decide not to participate in politics
-Violent Campaign: Sometimes, the way political parties carry out their carry out their campaigns appears too violent and this can lead to lack of interest in politics.