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|Ruminant impaction by asad111: 1:06 am On September 25, 2019|
Ruminant impaction is a condition which resulted from the accumulation of foreign bodies, such as plastic bags which interferes with the flow of ingesta leading to the distension of rumen and absence of defecation . Indigestible foreign bodies in the reticulo-rumen cause recurrent rumen tympany in adult dairy cattle; trichobezoars have been found associated with acute rumen tympany in calves and young cattle (Schweizer et al. and Radostitis et al.) reported the problem to be a condition of great economic importance in cattle primarily due to indiscriminate feeding habits and causes severe loss of production and high mortality rates [9-11%]. Al-majali et.
It can be concluded that rumen impaction mainly causes depression, anorexia, reduced milk yield, abdominal distension and loss of defecation.
There are signicant alterations in BUN, protein, albumin, calcium, glucose and phosphorus in theaffected animals.
Dietary adjustment, supportive treatment, surgery/ treatment of underlying pathologic cause if present (rumenotomy / exploratory laparotomy).
If Plastic bag is the cause of rumen impaction, rumenatomy (incision of the rumen) should be carried out because plastic bags are indigestible in nature and the plastic material which when accumulated in the rumen, cause obstruction of ingesta into the reticulum. Post-operative treatment include administration of d***s like Iron dextram, Multi Vitamins and some Anti-biotic e.g Penstrep, Oxytetracycline, Amoxicillin, Cloxacillin, Meloxicam (Melonexa), s/c and laxatives.
Abdullahi,U.S., Usman,G.S.H., Mshelia,T.A.,
garbage in cattle and sheep reared within
urban and suburban environment.Nig.Vet.
Fouad, K., Musa, B. and Haggo B. (1980). Foreign body
ruminal indigestion among goats in sudan. Egyptian Vet.
Hailat, N. (2009). Pathology of the rumen in goats caused
by plastic foreign bodies with reference to its prevalence
in Jordan. Small Rumi. Res. 30: 77-83.
Mohammad, H. A. (2004). Survey of Foreign Body in
Caprine Rumen in Khartoum State. M.V.Sc.Thesis.
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